In our dataset, we have a list of 19 non-OECD and 8 OECD countries. For each of these countries, we have wage information by education level from 2010, which we received from the World Bank. The first box below shows average or total (depending on the selection) wages gained from migration to OECD countries for the selected list of non-OECD countries. The second box shows average or total remittance flows and the third box shows average or total aid flows. The three education levels are defined as Level I (Less than Secondary Education ), Level II (Secondary Education), and Level III (Post Secondary Education).
Displays Selected Countries
Migration flows over the last 30 years
To complete our visualization picture, we tell the story of how migration has evolved over the last 35 years. Utilizing data from 1980-2015 over a five year interval, we show the flow of male and female migrants from 195 non-OECD countries to 20 OECD countries by gender and education level. By clicking on the "By OECD" radio button, we can see flows into each individual OECD country. For example, we can see that in 1980, Canada allowed equal proportions of high-skilled and low-skilled migrants into the country. Fast forward to 2010, and it is selectively letting in many more high-skilled than low-skilled migrants.
1980: 1985: 1990: 1995: 2000: 2005: 2010:
Each dot on the plot to your left is a country's relative position in the migrant stock - average extra annual wage earned axes. Hovering over a dot provides the name of the country.
Brushing a dot or a list of dots changes other features of the visualization accordingly. For example, brushing the right-most green dot shows Pakistan's relative position in the graph and updates the bar plots as well as the corresponding gains estimate above the map layout. By migrating to OECD countries, the 270,000 or so Pakistani high-skilled migrants, gained on an average $35,000 in wages in 2010.
Each blue bar to the left shows the total wage gains (average wage differential X total migrant stock) among migrants from a particular non-OECD country in OECD countries. Because total remittances and aid flows are orders of magnitude lower in comparison to total wage gains, we have implemented a slider with a log scale that allows you to see the other two metrics of comparison.
Clicking on a country updates other visuals and estimates for gains accordingly. For example, in 2010, Nepal had around 50,000 migrants in OECD countries. If we sum up the average wages gained by each of those migrants by moving to a OECD country, we come up with the total wages gained estimate of $1,825,000,000.