Wage Comparison 2010 Migrant Flows 1980-2010

Extra Annual Wage Earned

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Aggregated by:
Migrant Stock Per Capita

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Selected Countries

Displays Selected Countries

Migration flows over the last 30 years

To complete our visualization picture, we tell the story of how migration has evolved over the last 35 years. Utilizing data from 1980-2015 over a five year interval, we show the flow of male and female migrants from 195 non-OECD countries to 20 OECD countries by gender and education level. By clicking on the "By OECD" radio button, we can see flows into each individual OECD country. For example, we can see that in 1980, Canada allowed equal proportions of high-skilled and low-skilled migrants into the country. Fast forward to 2010, and it is selectively letting in many more high-skilled than low-skilled migrants.

Migrant Stock Across Gender and Time

1980: 1985: 1990: 1995: 2000: 2005: 2010:

By Education: By OECD:

Welcome to Migration as an Instrument for International Development

This is our attempt to visualize migration flows from developing or what we call "non-OECD" countries to developed or "OECD" countries. In order to assess the different metrics that migrants benefit from, we compare wage differentials among developing and developed nations and compare that to remittances and aid. Push button to continue


Average Extra Annual Wage Earned vs Migrant Stock

Skill Level: Low Skill Medium Skill High Skill

Scatter Plot

Each dot on the plot to your left is a country's relative position in the migrant stock - average extra annual wage earned axes. Hovering over a dot provides the name of the country.

Brushing a dot or a list of dots changes other features of the visualization accordingly. For example, brushing the right-most green dot shows Pakistan's relative position in the graph and updates the bar plots as well as the corresponding gains estimate above the map layout. By migrating to OECD countries, the 270,000 or so Pakistani high-skilled migrants, gained on an average $35,000 in wages in 2010.

Total Wages Gained in comparison to Remittances and Aid

Bar Plot

Each blue bar to the left shows the total wage gains (average wage differential X total migrant stock) among migrants from a particular non-OECD country in OECD countries. Because total remittances and aid flows are orders of magnitude lower in comparison to total wage gains, we have implemented a slider with a log scale that allows you to see the other two metrics of comparison.

Clicking on a country updates other visuals and estimates for gains accordingly. For example, in 2010, Nepal had around 50,000 migrants in OECD countries. If we sum up the average wages gained by each of those migrants by moving to a OECD country, we come up with the total wages gained estimate of $1,825,000,000.

© This website was created by Samik Adhikari and Nicholas Stellitano. Both are MPA/ID'15 students at the Harvard Kennedy School. They can be contacted at adhikari.samik@gmail.com & nstellitano@gmail.com.

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